What are the differences between these image formats?

If you’re like us and deal with images on a daily basis, you would have come across several image formats in your lifetime. The two most popular at the moment are JPG and JPEG, but what are the main differences between the two? Well, none actually!. Let us explain it all for your education.

Differences between JPEG and JPG image formats

What is the JPEG file format?

The acronym stands for Joint Photographic Expert Group, and is the name of the subcommittee that helped create the JPEG standard as well as other standards such as ISO. Now, the JPEG standard was created in 1992, and since then it has become the most widely used image format in the world.

One of the key aspects of JPEG is its lossy compression method which was designed to ensure that digital photos are kept as small as possible without significantly degrading image quality. This allows for faster image loading, which the world has come to enjoy.

However, if a JPEG image is edited and saved very often, it will gradually lose quality. Nevertheless, those with advanced image editing skills can save the image quality of a JPEG photo while reducing the file size at the same time.

What is the JPG file format?

It may come as a surprise to some, but JPG is the same thing as JPEG. There is nothing different with the two exteriors of the names. You see, JPG came into existence due to the limitations of MS-DOS 8.3 and FAT-16 file systems. As for the filenames, they were limited to only 3 characters in a letter, a problem that Linux and Mac did not suffer from.

For this reason the image files have been saved as .jpg under MS-DOS or Windowsand .jpeg on Linux and Mac computers.

Things have changed a lot since ancient times. Windows now supports more than 3 characters for file extension names, but that didn’t get rid of JPG as Windows users are now used to using .jpg as an extension.

What is JPEG 2000?

JPEG 2000 was born as a format to replace JPEG, but unfortunately it didn’t catch on. This is due to the larger file size of images, and although it offers better image quality compared to the older version, people were unwilling to give up hard drive space for photos. better quality. Also, JPEG 2000 was not backwards compatible with JPEG, and for many that was a problem.

The format is still around but hardly used by anyone since only the Apple Safari web browser supports it on the web at the time of writing.

Is JPEG better than PNG?

PNG is a higher compression format for those who want better quality from their images, as long as they understand that the photos will take up more space on their devices. As for JPEG, it uses lossy compression, hence the images look decent but at a smaller size.

For quality choose PNG, but if you have limited space then JPEG should be your best friend going forward.

Read: PNG vs JPG vs GIF vs BMP vs TIF: image file formats explained.

Which is better JPEG or PDF?

Of the two options, PDF has higher quality than JPEG. As stated above, the biggest disadvantage of JPEG for image quality is due to its compression method. Whenever quality is lost, there is no way to keep it. PDFs, on the other hand, are more customizable with better quality, making the file format the best choice for printers.

Differences between JPEG and JPG image formats